Decorating a tree with edible ornaments is a great way to share holiday spirit with the birds, and there are a wide range of different foods you can offer on a bird Christmas tree. The more you decorate a tree to feed the birds, the more species you will attract and the more birds you'll be able to enjoy during the winter.
Choosing a Tree
Birds are not picky and the tree you decorate as a Christmas feeder does not need to have a perfect shape. Ideally, the tree will have plenty of horizontal branches widely spaced enough that seed ornaments and other decorative foods can hang freely and give many birds room to feed. An evergreen tree will offer additional shelter and keep the ornaments more protected from snow, but it may have less space for birds to perch while feeding.
If you are decorating a tree so you can enjoy the birds that visit, choose a tree that is easily visible from a comfortable window. It is best if there are feeders in or near the tree already, which will help the birds find it more quickly to enjoy their holiday treats. Choosing a tree where birds regularly perch or roost is another good option to be sure they notice the delicious decorations.
Edible Ornaments for a Bird Christmas Tree
There are many types of foods that can be hung on a Christmas tree to feed the birds. The most popular options include:
- Pine cone feeders or donut "wreaths" covered with peanut butter and birdseed
- Small suet balls or suet cakes in holiday shapes, or small mesh bags of suet
- Strings of fruits such as apple or orange chunks, raisins or cranberries
- Dried sunflower heads or stalks of dried millet
- Birdseed ornaments, either homemade or purchased
- Strings of in-shell peanuts
- Small birdseed cakes, cookies or muffins
- Whole apples, pears or peaches
- Strings of popcorn or unsweetened cereal such as Cheerios
When choosing foods for a bird Christmas tree, keep in mind the feeding preferences of your backyard birds. Southern habitats may have more fruit-eating birds that stay the winter, making strings of fruit an appropriate choice, while nuts and suet are more popular for colder areas. Also, while popcorn, donuts and other kitchen scraps can be a treat for the birds, avoid using them excessively and offer more nutritious seed or suet options instead.
To hang ornaments, use small lengths of string – red and green are popular for bird Christmas trees – or natural twine to make loops for hanging each ornament. The birds may use the string to help insulate a roosting area, or they may collect it for nesting material in the spring.
Tips for Decorating a Tree to Feed the Birds
To make your decorated tree a popular Christmas bird feeder…
- Decorate early to give birds plenty of time to find the food before the weather is at its harshest. It can take a week or two for birds to become familiar with the tree.
- Make extra ornaments and replace them as needed all winter long to provide an attractive and effective feeder for many birds.
- Make your winter backyard even more bird-friendly by offering a heated bird bath to give the birds liquid water and winter bird shelters to help small birds stay comfortable in the coldest weather.
Decorating a Christmas tree for the birds can be a fun, enjoyable activity for families, school groups, churches, birding groups and other organizations, and it is a great way to feed winter birds.
Photo – Birdseed Ornament © Heather Katsoulis