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Photos of Common Woodpecker Species

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Woodpeckers can be found throughout North America. Some species are far-ranging, while others have more limited territories based on their food sources and preferred habitats, but they all share the "pecking wood" characteristic that gives them their name.

Woodpeckers actually manipulate wood and bark for different reasons. Some species drill holes to extract nutritious sap or protein-rich insects, while others carve nesting holes and deep, sheltered cavities. Some species even use holes and bark as caches for nuts and seeds.

It can be challenging to tell some woodpecker species apart. By carefully observing not only the birds’ appearance but also their behavior, it is possible to distinguish between these closely related wild birds.
Images 1-12 of 12
Downy Woodpecker – Male Downy Woodpecker – Male Hairy Woodpecker – FemaleHairy Woodpecker – FemaleRed-Headed WoodpeckerRed-Headed WoodpeckerPileated Woodpecker – MalePileated Woodpecker – Male
Male Northern Flicker – JuvenileMale Northern Flicker – JuvenileRed-Bellied Woodpecker – FemaleRed-Bellied Woodpecker - FemaleRed-Bellied Woodpecker – MaleRed-Bellied Woodpecker – MaleDowny Woodpecker – FemaleDowny Woodpecker – Female
Hairy Woodpecker – MaleHairy Woodpecker – MaleNorthern Flicker in SnowNorthern Flicker in SnowYellow-Bellied SapsuckerYellow-Bellied SapsuckerDowny WoodpeckerDowny Woodpecker
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