The house sparrow
) is the most widespread and familiar of any North American sparrow species, and it is widely found through Europe, South America and Asia. Originally a European bird, house sparrows were introduced in Brooklyn, New York, in 1851 and have rapidly adapted and spread through many different types of habitats. The male birds have a distinct brown plumage, gray cap, black bill and black bib on a gray chest, all clear field markings for easy identification.
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