(adjective) Describes northern forest habitats found throughout Canada, Siberia and Scandinavia that consist primarily of cold-tolerant coniferous trees, including spruce, fir, pine and larch. Boreal habitats can also be found in high elevation mountain ranges.
Boreal habitats are critical to many species of migratory birds, including ducks, loons, songbirds and warblers. More than 300 species of birds have been recorded in Canadian boreal forests, but this type of habitat is under regular threat from logging and industrial development.
Boreal Forest - Photo © peupleloup