Owls are not common backyard birds, but they can be highly desirable guests and are incredible to hear and observe when they do visit. With the right preparation, it is possible to attract owls to your backyard on a regular basis.
Why We Love Owls
Owls are some of the most beloved raptors, and their silent flight, large eyes, mournful calls and nocturnal behavior makes them both magical and mysterious. Because owls are not highly active during the day, a backyard owl can coexist with other backyard birds, and as excellent hunters, they can help control squirrel and rodent populations. Because they do not eat birdseed, they are also inexpensive to attract compared to birds with hearty appetites.
There are more than 200 species of owls in the world, but only a few are comfortable enough to become backyard species. The most common backyard owls include:
Depending on the local habitat and how attractive the yard is for these birds of prey, other owl species may also become backyard visitors.
How to Attract Owls
As with attracting any birds, the key to attracting owls is to provide their four basic needs: food, water, shelter and nesting sites.
- Food: Owls will not visit bird feeders, but it is possible to provide a steady food source. Because owls eat mice, voles and similar small rodents, backyard birders who have mice nearby are more likely to attract owls. Leaving grass uncut, adding a brush pile and leaving seed on the ground will make the yard more mouse-friendly, which in turn makes the habitat more owl-friendly. Avoid using poisons or traps to eliminate mice, and let owls take care of the problem instead.
- Water: Owls get the vast majority of the fluid they need in their diets from the prey they consume, and they are not frequent visitors to bird baths. In hotter climates and during the summer, however, owls may visit slightly larger, deeper bird baths to drink or bathe. Providing this type of water source in a secluded area is more likely to encourage owls to visit.
- Shelter: Owls need somewhat dense, mature trees with good trunks to roost during the day, preferably in a shaded, secluded area. Both coniferous and deciduous trees are suitable if they are a good size. Hollow tree trunks and empty owl nest boxes are also good alternatives to natural shelter, but providing natural spaces where the owls can feel safe during the day is the best way to encourage them to use the shelter.
- Nesting Sites: Hollow trees are most owls' preferred nesting sites, but smaller owl species that are more likely to be common in backyard will also use large nest boxes that are positioned 10-20 feet above the ground on a large tree. Barn owls may also use abandoned buildings for nesting, and leaving a barn or shed open for the birds to access can give them a great place to raise a brood. Nest boxes should be put up in January or February for nesting owls – these birds nest much earlier than other backyard species – and the boxes should be monitored to be kept free from wasps, squirrels, rodents or other birds.
By providing an owl's four basic needs, it is possible to attract them to the backyard on a regular basis.
More Tips for Attracting Owls
If your yard is owl-friendly but you still have trouble attracting these nighttime raptors, there are additional steps that can help make the yard even more appealing.
- Leave large, bare branches and dead trees intact to provide perches for hunting owls.
- Create a rustic, natural section of backyard habitat with little pruning or maintenance where owls can feel more comfortable.
- Avoid extensive exterior lighting such as flood lights or spotlights; owls hut more effectively in darkness and will not visit well-lit yards.
- Keep pets indoors after twilight and during nighttime hours, both to keep the pets safe from hunting owls and to keep pets from scaring away the mice and other rodents that the owls will hunt.
- Take steps to prevent bird window collisions on large windows that might be a danger to hunting owls.
While these tips can help you attract owls, it is just as important to avoid some behaviors that can harm these birds.
- Do not release cage mice or other small pets with the intention of providing supplemental food for owls. These pets will not survive outdoors, and owls must hunt live prey.
- Avoid frequent use of recorded owl calls that can agitate the birds and distract them from the hunting or nesting activities they need to survive.
With patience and careful planning, it is possible to attract owls to enjoy up close in your backyard.
Photo – Eastern Screech-Owl © Tim