Common Name: House Sparrow
Scientific Name: Passer domesticus
Migration: Non-migratory; does not migrate.
The common house sparrow is a hardy, aggressive and adaptable species, and it is those qualities that has allowed it to be introduced to many areas worldwide, making it the most widely distributed wild bird in the world. Originally native to the Middle East, the house sparrow expanded its range with travelers and population growth for centuries, and over time it has become introduced on every continent except Antarctica. It is most comfortable around humans and can be found in towns, cities and major metropolises of any size, though it is conspicuously absent from the wildest areas that lack human habitation. Regularly found in backyards, parks and gardens, the house sparrow is also present at any suitable urban area, including business parks, zoos, schools and other small green spaces. It can be found in more remote locations near farmland, particularly where grain is raised.
The vast majority of house sparrow populations do not migrate, though small populations in the Himalayan Mountains do show migratory tendencies. In many areas, these birds are seen as invasive and steps are taken on both large and small scales to discourage house sparrows in order to protect native birds.
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