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Penguin Species List

List of Penguin Species


Humboldt Penguin

The Humboldt penguin is one of the 13 threatened or endangered species of penguins worldwide.

Michael Pereckas

There are only 18 species of penguins, yet they are some of the most familiar and most easily recognizable birds in the world. Unfortunately, many of them are also extremely vulnerable to climatic changes, pollution, predators and other hazards, and only five of the species are not endangered, vulnerable or threatened according to BirdLife International and its conservation monitoring.

Alphabetical List of Penguin Species

Sorted by Common Name

* - Listed as threatened or vulnerable due to declining populations and increasing survival threats
** - Listed as endangered and in critical danger of extinction if conservation is not implemented

Adelie Penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae)
**African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus)
Chinstrap Penguin (Pygoscelis antarcticus)
Emperor Penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri)
**Erect-Crested Penguin (Eudyptes sclateri)
*Fiordland (Crested) Penguin (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus)
**Galapagos Penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus)
*Gentoo Penguin (Pygoscelis papua)
*Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti)
King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonicus)
Little (Fairy) Penguin (Eudyptula minor)
*Macaroni Penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus)
*Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus)
**Northern Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes moseleyi)
*Royal Penguin (Eudyptes schlegeli)
*Snares (Island) Penguin (Eudyptes robustus)
*Southern Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes chrysocome)
**Yellow-Eyed Penguin (Megadyptes antipodes)

Photo – Humboldt Penguin © Michael Pereckas

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